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Install/Configuration

Oracle 19c RAC 설치 with Oracle Linux 8.2 - 2 (Grid Infrastructure)

 

1. 설치 디렉토리 생성

2. Grid Infrastructure 설치 파일 unzip

3. root 계정으로 cvuqdisk rpm 설치

4. runcluvfy 수행

5. GI(Grid Infrastructure) 설치 실행

6. Grid Infrastructure 상태 확인

 

1. 설치 디렉토리 생성

mprac1.localdomain@root:/root> mkdir -p /u01/app/19.0.0/grid
mprac1.localdomain@root:/root> mkdir -p /u01/app/grid
mprac1.localdomain@root:/root> mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/db_1
mprac1.localdomain@root:/root> chown -R grid:oinstall /u01
mprac1.localdomain@root:/root> chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01/app/oracle
mprac1.localdomain@root:/root> chmod -R 775 /u01/

 

2. Grid Infrastructure 설치 파일 unzip

mprac1.localdomain@root:/root> mv LINUX.X64_193000_grid_home.zip /u01/app/19.0.0/grid/
mprac1.localdomain@root:/root> chown grid:oinstall /u01/app/19.0.0/grid/LINUX.X64_193000_grid_home.zip
mprac1.localdomain@root:/root> su - grid
mprac1.localdomain@grid:+ASM1:/home/grid> cd /u01/app/19.0.0/grid/
mprac1.localdomain@grid:+ASM1:/u01/app/19.0.0/grid> unzip LINUX.X64_193000_grid_home.zip

 

3. root 계정으로 cvuqdisk rpm 설치

mprac1.localdomain@grid:+ASM1:/u01/app/19.0.0/grid> exit
logout
mprac1.localdomain@root:/root> cd /u01/app/19.0.0/grid/cv/rpm
mprac1.localdomain@root:/u01/app/19.0.0/grid/cv/rpm> cp -p cvuqdisk-1.0.10-1.rpm /tmp
mprac1.localdomain@root:/u01/app/19.0.0/grid/cv/rpm> scp -p cvuqdisk-1.0.10-1.rpm mprac2:/tmp
cvuqdisk-1.0.10-1.rpm                                                                  100%   11KB   9.5MB/s   00:00    
mprac1.localdomain@root:/u01/app/19.0.0/grid/cv/rpm> rpm -Uvh /tmp/cvuqdisk-1.0.10-1.rpm
Verifying...                          ################################# [100%]
Preparing...                          ################################# [100%]
Using default group oinstall to install package
Updating / installing...
   1:cvuqdisk-1.0.10-1                ################################# [100%]
mprac1.localdomain@root:/u01/app/19.0.0/grid/cv/rpm> 

 

2번 노드에서도 패키지를 설치한다.

 

mprac2.localdomain@root:/root> rpm -Uvh /tmp/cvuqdisk-1.0.10-1.rpm
Verifying...                          ################################# [100%]
Preparing...                          ################################# [100%]
Using default group oinstall to install package
Updating / installing...
   1:cvuqdisk-1.0.10-1                ################################# [100%]
mprac2.localdomain@root:/root> 

 

4. runcluvfy 수행

1) runcluvfy 수행시 resolv.conf 등 파일을 scp를 통해 2번 노드에서 1번 노드로 copy 해 와야 하는데 Open-SSH 8.x 버전의 이슈로 에러 발생 이슈가 있어 이를 먼저 해결하는 workround 적용한다. root 계정으로 아래 작업 수행한다.

mprac1.localdomain@root:/root> cp -p /usr/bin/scp /usr/bin/scp-original
mprac1.localdomain@root:/root> echo "/usr/bin/scp-original -T \$*" > /usr/bin/scp
mprac1.localdomain@root:/root> cat /usr/bin/scp
/usr/bin/scp-original -T $*

 

2) runcluvfy 실행

mprac1.localdomain@root:/root> su - grid
mprac1.localdomain@grid:+ASM1:/home/grid> oh
mprac1.localdomain@grid:+ASM1:/u01/app/19.0.0/grid> ./runcluvfy.sh stage -pre crsinst -n mprac1,mprac2 -method root -verbose
Enter "ROOT" password:

ERROR: 
PRVG-10467 : The default Oracle Inventory group could not be determined.

Verifying Physical Memory ...
  Node Name     Available                 Required                  Status    
  ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
  mprac2        9.4488GB (9907820.0KB)    8GB (8388608.0KB)         passed    
  mprac1        9.4488GB (9907820.0KB)    8GB (8388608.0KB)         passed    
Verifying Physical Memory ...PASSED
Verifying Available Physical Memory ...
  Node Name     Available                 Required                  Status    
  ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
  mprac2        8.1019GB (8495408.0KB)    50MB (51200.0KB)          passed    
  mprac1        7.8059GB (8185072.0KB)    50MB (51200.0KB)          passed    
Verifying Available Physical Memory ...PASSED
Verifying Swap Size ...
  Node Name     Available                 Required                  Status    
  ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
  mprac2        20GB (2.0971516E7KB)      9.4488GB (9907820.0KB)    passed    
  mprac1        20GB (2.0971516E7KB)      9.4488GB (9907820.0KB)    passed    
Verifying Swap Size ...PASSED
Verifying Free Space: mprac2:/usr,mprac2:/var,mprac2:/etc,mprac2:/sbin,mprac2:/tmp ...
  Path              Node Name     Mount point   Available     Required      Status      
  ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------
  /usr              mprac2        /             64.8184GB     25MB          passed      
  /var              mprac2        /             64.8184GB     5MB           passed      
  /etc              mprac2        /             64.8184GB     25MB          passed      
  /sbin             mprac2        /             64.8184GB     10MB          passed      
  /tmp              mprac2        /             64.8184GB     1GB           passed      
Verifying Free Space: mprac2:/usr,mprac2:/var,mprac2:/etc,mprac2:/sbin,mprac2:/tmp ...PASSED
Verifying Free Space: mprac1:/usr,mprac1:/var,mprac1:/etc,mprac1:/sbin,mprac1:/tmp ...
  Path              Node Name     Mount point   Available     Required      Status      
  ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ------------
  /usr              mprac1        /             51.8668GB     25MB          passed      
  /var              mprac1        /             51.8668GB     5MB           passed      
  /etc              mprac1        /             51.8668GB     25MB          passed      
  /sbin             mprac1        /             51.8668GB     10MB          passed      
  /tmp              mprac1        /             51.8668GB     1GB           passed      
Verifying Free Space: mprac1:/usr,mprac1:/var,mprac1:/etc,mprac1:/sbin,mprac1:/tmp ...PASSED
Verifying User Existence: grid ...
  Node Name     Status                    Comment                 
  ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------
  mprac2        passed                    exists(1001)            
  mprac1        passed                    exists(1001)            

  Verifying Users With Same UID: 1001 ...PASSED
Verifying User Existence: grid ...PASSED
Verifying Group Existence: asmadmin ...
  Node Name     Status                    Comment                 
  ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------
  mprac2        passed                    exists                  
  mprac1        passed                    exists                  
Verifying Group Existence: asmadmin ...PASSED
Verifying Group Existence: asmdba ...
  Node Name     Status                    Comment                 
  ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------
  mprac2        passed                    exists                  
  mprac1        passed                    exists                  
Verifying Group Existence: asmdba ...PASSED
Verifying Group Membership: asmdba ...
  Node Name         User Exists   Group Exists  User in Group  Status          
  ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ----------------
  mprac2            yes           yes           yes           passed          
  mprac1            yes           yes           yes           passed          
Verifying Group Membership: asmdba ...PASSED
Verifying Group Membership: asmadmin ...
  Node Name         User Exists   Group Exists  User in Group  Status          
  ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ----------------
  mprac2            yes           yes           yes           passed          
  mprac1            yes           yes           yes           passed          
Verifying Group Membership: asmadmin ...PASSED
Verifying Run Level ...
  Node Name     run level                 Required                  Status    
  ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
  mprac2        5                         3,5                       passed    
  mprac1        5                         3,5                       passed    
Verifying Run Level ...PASSED
Verifying Users With Same UID: 0 ...PASSED
Verifying Current Group ID ...PASSED
Verifying Root user consistency ...
  Node Name                             Status                  
  ------------------------------------  ------------------------
  mprac2                                passed                  
  mprac1                                passed                  
Verifying Root user consistency ...PASSED
Verifying Package: cvuqdisk-1.0.10-1 ...
  Node Name     Available                 Required                  Status    
  ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
  mprac2        cvuqdisk-1.0.10-1         cvuqdisk-1.0.10-1         passed    
  mprac1        cvuqdisk-1.0.10-1         cvuqdisk-1.0.10-1         passed    
Verifying Package: cvuqdisk-1.0.10-1 ...PASSED
Verifying Host name ...PASSED
Verifying Node Connectivity ...
  Verifying Hosts File ...
  Node Name                             Status                  
  ------------------------------------  ------------------------
  mprac1                                passed                  
  mprac2                                passed                  
  Verifying Hosts File ...PASSED

Interface information for node "mprac2"

 Name   IP Address      Subnet          Gateway         Def. Gateway    HW Address        MTU   
 ------ --------------- --------------- --------------- --------------- ----------------- ------
 ens192 192.168.45.202  192.168.0.0     0.0.0.0         192.168.45.105  00:50:56:96:29:06 1500  
 ens224 1.1.1.202       1.1.1.0         0.0.0.0         192.168.45.105  00:50:56:96:57:17 9000  

Interface information for node "mprac1"

 Name   IP Address      Subnet          Gateway         Def. Gateway    HW Address        MTU   
 ------ --------------- --------------- --------------- --------------- ----------------- ------
 ens192 192.168.45.201  192.168.0.0     0.0.0.0         192.168.45.105  00:50:56:96:51:B1 1500  
 ens224 1.1.1.201       1.1.1.0         0.0.0.0         192.168.45.105  00:50:56:96:05:17 9000  

Check: MTU consistency of the subnet "1.1.1.0".

  Node              Name          IP Address    Subnet        MTU             
  ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ----------------
  mprac2            ens224        1.1.1.202     1.1.1.0       9000            
  mprac1            ens224        1.1.1.201     1.1.1.0       9000            

Check: MTU consistency of the subnet "192.168.0.0".

  Node              Name          IP Address    Subnet        MTU             
  ----------------  ------------  ------------  ------------  ----------------
  mprac2            ens192        192.168.45.202  192.168.0.0   1500            
  mprac1            ens192        192.168.45.201  192.168.0.0   1500            
  Verifying Check that maximum (MTU) size packet goes through subnet ...PASSED

  Source                          Destination                     Connected?      
  ------------------------------  ------------------------------  ----------------
  mprac1[ens224:1.1.1.201]        mprac2[ens224:1.1.1.202]        yes             

  Source                          Destination                     Connected?      
  ------------------------------  ------------------------------  ----------------
  mprac1[ens192:192.168.45.201]   mprac2[ens192:192.168.45.202]   yes             
  Verifying subnet mask consistency for subnet "1.1.1.0" ...PASSED
  Verifying subnet mask consistency for subnet "192.168.0.0" ...PASSED
Verifying Node Connectivity ...PASSED
Verifying Multicast or broadcast check ...
Checking subnet "1.1.1.0" for multicast communication with multicast group "224.0.0.251"
Verifying Multicast or broadcast check ...PASSED
Verifying Network Time Protocol (NTP) ...PASSED
Verifying Same core file name pattern ...PASSED
Verifying User Mask ...
  Node Name     Available                 Required                  Comment   
  ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
  mprac2        0022                      0022                      passed    
  mprac1        0022                      0022                      passed    
Verifying User Mask ...PASSED
Verifying User Not In Group "root": grid ...
  Node Name     Status                    Comment                 
  ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------
  mprac2        passed                    does not exist          
  mprac1        passed                    does not exist          
Verifying User Not In Group "root": grid ...PASSED
Verifying Time zone consistency ...PASSED
Verifying Time offset between nodes ...PASSED
Verifying resolv.conf Integrity ...
  Node Name                             Status                  
  ------------------------------------  ------------------------
  mprac1                                passed                  
  mprac2                                passed                  

checking response for name "mprac2" from each of the name servers specified in
"/etc/resolv.conf"

  Node Name     Source                    Comment                   Status    
  ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
  mprac2        192.168.45.105            IPv4                      passed    

checking response for name "mprac1" from each of the name servers specified in
"/etc/resolv.conf"

  Node Name     Source                    Comment                   Status    
  ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------  ----------
  mprac1        192.168.45.105            IPv4                      passed    
Verifying resolv.conf Integrity ...PASSED
Verifying DNS/NIS name service ...PASSED
Verifying Domain Sockets ...PASSED
Verifying /boot mount ...PASSED
Verifying Daemon "avahi-daemon" not configured and running ...
  Node Name     Configured                Status                  
  ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------
  mprac2        no                        passed                  
  mprac1        no                        passed                  

  Node Name     Running?                  Status                  
  ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------
  mprac2        no                        passed                  
  mprac1        no                        passed                  
Verifying Daemon "avahi-daemon" not configured and running ...PASSED
Verifying Daemon "proxyt" not configured and running ...
  Node Name     Configured                Status                  
  ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------
  mprac2        no                        passed                  
  mprac1        no                        passed                  

  Node Name     Running?                  Status                  
  ------------  ------------------------  ------------------------
  mprac2        no                        passed                  
  mprac1        no                        passed                  
Verifying Daemon "proxyt" not configured and running ...PASSED
Verifying User Equivalence ...PASSED
Verifying RPM Package Manager database ...PASSED
Verifying /dev/shm mounted as temporary file system ...PASSED
Verifying File system mount options for path /var ...PASSED
Verifying DefaultTasksMax parameter ...PASSED
Verifying zeroconf check ...PASSED
Verifying ASM Filter Driver configuration ...PASSED

Pre-check for cluster services setup was successful. 

CVU operation performed:      stage -pre crsinst
Date:                         Nov 19, 2020 4:56:00 PM
CVU home:                     /u01/app/19.0.0/grid/
User:                         grid

 

5. GI(Grid Infrastructure) 설치 실행

mprac1.localdomain@grid:+ASM1:/u01/app/19.0.0/grid> ./gridSetup.sh

 

인스톨러 실행 화면

 

1) Step 1 of 19

Oracle Grid Infrastructure 인스톨을 진행한다.

신규 Grid Infrastructure 구성을 선택한다.

0001.png

 

2) Step 2 of 19

Standalone Cluster 구성을 선택한다.

0002.png

 

3) Step 3 of 19

Local SCAN 정보를 확인한다.

0003.png

 

4) Step 4 of 19

노드리스트를 확인한다.(2번 노드가 리스트업되지 않았다)

0004.png

 

Add 버튼을 통해 아래와 같이 2번 노드를 추가해 준다.

 

0005.png

 

2번 노드가 추가된 것을 확인한다.

 

0006.png

 

Next로 진행하면 노드간 접속이 원활한지 Connectivity를 테스트한다.

 

0007.png

 

5) Step 5 of 19

Network 용도를 확인하고 각 Interface 별 용도를 지정해준다.

0008.png

 

6) Step 6 of 19

사용할 Storage 구성을 선택한다. ASM을 사용할 것이므로 Oracle Flex ASM for storage를 선택한다.

0011.png

 

7) Step 7 of 19

GIMR(Grid Infrastructure Management Repository)를 사용하지 않을 것이므로 No를 선택한다.

0012.png

 

8) Step 8 of 19

OCR과 VOTING disk를 저장할 Disk Group 을 생성하는 화면이다.

0013.png

 

Change Discovery Path 버튼을 눌러 이전 설정에서 udev를 통해 설정한 /dev/rac 변경하여 device 명을 찾을 수 있게 해 준다.

 

0014.png

 

/dev/rac/crs 디바이스를 선택해 OCR_VOTING disk group 을 생성한다.

 

0015.png

 

9) Step 9 of 19

ASM 관리 계정에서 사용할 패스워드를 지정한다.

0016.png

 

10) Step 10 of 19

IPMI 설정은 사용하지 않는다.

0017.png

 

11) Step 11 of 19

EM 설정은 아직 하지 않았으므로 빈 상태로 진행한다.

0018.png

 

12) Step 12 of 19

ASM에 대한 OS 관리 계정 그룹 지정을 확인한다.

0019.png

 

13) Step 13 of 19

Oracle Base 위치를 확인한다.

0020.png

 

14) Step 14 of 19

Inventory Directory를 확인한다

0021.png

 

15) Step 15 of 19

root 계정으로 돌려야하는 스크립트 수행 방식을 결정하고 필요에 따라 root 비밀번호를 입력한다.

0022.png

 

16) Step 16 of 19

runcluvfy 수행과 동일한 점검을 한다.

0023.png

 

30% 진행된 모습이다.

 

0024.png

 

17) Step 17 of 19

설정해온 사항을 확인한다.

0025.png

 

18) Step 18 of 19

실제적인 Install 작업을 수행한다.

0026.png

 

19) Step 19 of 19

정상적으로 완료됐다.

0027.png

 

NTP 사용을 할 경우 runcluvfy 와 동일 작업을 수행하는 16 단계에서 warning을 리포트한다. 

또 18 단계 이전에서 root로 수행하는 과정에서 에러표시가 되기도 한다. 하지만 무시하고 진행해도 설치에는 문제가 생기지는 않는다.

NTP 또는 chrony로 진행되는 Time Sync에 해당하는 부분에서 에러내지 경고가 발생하지만 무시해고 진행을 해도 된다.

이번 설치시에는 위의 에러와 경고를 피하기 위해서 오라클 CTSS 서비스를 사용하려고 NTP와 chrony 를 다 비활성화 하고 진행해서 

에러가 발생하지 않고 깔끔하게 완료되었다.

6. Grid Infrastructure 상태 확인

mprac1.localdomain@grid:+ASM1:/home/grid> crsctl status res -t
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Name           Target  State        Server                   State details       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Local Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.LISTENER.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       mprac1                   STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       mprac2                   STABLE
ora.chad
               ONLINE  ONLINE       mprac1                   STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       mprac2                   STABLE
ora.net1.network
               ONLINE  ONLINE       mprac1                   STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       mprac2                   STABLE
ora.ons
               ONLINE  ONLINE       mprac1                   STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       mprac2                   STABLE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cluster Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr(ora.asmgroup)
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       mprac1                   STABLE
      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       mprac2                   STABLE
      3        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               STABLE
ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       mprac2                   STABLE
ora.LISTENER_SCAN2.lsnr
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       mprac1                   STABLE
ora.LISTENER_SCAN3.lsnr
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       mprac1                   STABLE
ora.OCR_VOTING.dg(ora.asmgroup)
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       mprac1                   STABLE
      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       mprac2                   STABLE
      3        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               STABLE
ora.asm(ora.asmgroup)
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       mprac1                   Started,STABLE
      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       mprac2                   Started,STABLE
      3        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               STABLE
ora.asmnet1.asmnetwork(ora.asmgroup)
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       mprac1                   STABLE
      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       mprac2                   STABLE
      3        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               STABLE
ora.cvu
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       mprac1                   STABLE
ora.mprac1.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       mprac1                   STABLE
ora.mprac2.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       mprac2                   STABLE
ora.qosmserver
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       mprac1                   STABLE
ora.scan1.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       mprac2                   STABLE
ora.scan2.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       mprac1                   STABLE
ora.scan3.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       mprac1                   STABLE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

crs와 cluster 상태 확인

 

mprac1.localdomain@grid:+ASM1:/home/grid> crsctl check crs
CRS-4638: Oracle High Availability Services is online
CRS-4537: Cluster Ready Services is online
CRS-4529: Cluster Synchronization Services is online
CRS-4533: Event Manager is online
mprac1.localdomain@grid:+ASM1:/home/grid> crsctl check cluster -all
**************************************************************
mprac1:
CRS-4537: Cluster Ready Services is online
CRS-4529: Cluster Synchronization Services is online
CRS-4533: Event Manager is online
**************************************************************
mprac2:
CRS-4537: Cluster Ready Services is online
CRS-4529: Cluster Synchronization Services is online
CRS-4533: Event Manager is online
*********************************************

 

 

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18 19c RAC 2Node 설치-10 [ dbca ] file 우뽕 2020.04.22 81
17 19c RAC 2Node 설치-9 [ dbca ] file 우뽕 2020.04.22 39
16 19c RAC 2Node 설치-8 [ Patch ] 우뽕 2020.04.22 108
15 19c RAC 2Node 설치-7 [ db sw ] file 우뽕 2020.04.22 97
14 19c RAC 2Node 설치-6 [ db sw ] file 우뽕 2020.04.22 38
13 19c RAC 2Node 설치-5 [ asmca ] file 우뽕 2020.04.21 64
위로